Unit 4 LG 9 – Atlantic Slave Trade / Columbian Exchange

1. Originally, African slaves were brought to the Americas to supply labor for the —

A. rubber plantations
B. sugarcane plantations
C. molasses industry
D. tobacco fields

2. All of the following were impacts of the slave trade on African societies EXCEPT

A. transfer of European political ideas
B. increased warfare
C. depopulation of some areas
D. deterioration of art and culture

3. How might the “middle passage” have gotten its name?

A. It traveled through the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
B. The enslaved Africans traveled in the middle of the ship.
C. It traveled in between, or in the middle of, all the continents.
D. It was the second part, or middle part, of the triangular trade.

4. Which statement describes an impact that the Columbian Exchange had on the lives of Europeans?

A. The transfer of new products and ideas encourages economic growth.
B. Native Americans immigrated to Europe.
C. New diseases were brought to Europe and resulted in massive deaths caused by a plague.
D. Cross-cultural contacts between South America and Asia declined.

5. Which statement describes an impact that the Columbian Exchange had on the lives of Native Americans?

A. New diseases were brought to the Americas and resulted in massive deaths.
B. Industrialization of the South American colonies benefited the European countries.
C. The transfer of new products and ideas encouraged economic growth.
D. Native Americans immigrated to Europe and competed with Europeans for jobs.

6. How many African slaves were brought to the Americas between the 16th and 19th centuries?

A. 100 million
B. 10 million
C. 10 billion
D. 1 billion

7. According to mercantilists, the prosperity of a nation depended on

A. a healthy flow of coffee coming into the nation.
B. conquering new territories and expanding the nation’s intellectual resources.
C. a large supply of bullion, or gold and silver.
D. finding and maintaining a supply of cheap labor, preferably slaves.

8. All of the following are effects of the Atlantic Slave Trade EXCEPT

A. A unique ethnic pattern emerged in the Americas.
B. Depopulation of some areas, depriving many African communities of their younger and strongest men and women.
C. Desire of local slave traders to provide a constant supply of slaves led to increase warfare.
D. Foreign influence on trade and religion.

9. What was the name for the journey of slaves from Africa to America?

A. the Africa-America Run
B. the Voyage of Sorrow
C. the Middle Passage
D. the Bering Crossing

10. Which statement accurately reflects population changes that occurred in the Americas as a result of the Columbian Exchange?

A. One-third of Europe’s population died due to exposure to diseases.
B. Most Latin American populations became more ethnically mixed.
C. Native Americans migrated to Africa causing increases in the African population.
D. The introduction of goods from the Americas caused a decline in Asian populations.

11. The pattern of trade connecting Europe, Africa, and the Americas is called —

A. the Middle Passage
B. triangular trade
C. the balance of trade
D. the Africa-America Run

12. The exchange of plants and animals between the new and old world is called the —

A. Atlantic Slave Trade
B. Middle Passage
C. Triangular Trade
D. Columbian Exchange

13. The _____ is the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports over time.

A. gross national product
B. balance of trade
C. triangular trade
D. ideal of mercantilism

14. The Columbian Exchange was an exchange of plants, animals, and diseases between the New and Old world. From the list, determine where the exchange flowed.

Peanuts: Americas to Europe, Africa, and Asia
Livestock: Europe, Africa, and Asia to Americas
Peaches, Pears: Europe, Africa, and Asia to Americas
Coffee beans: Europe, Africa, and Asia to Americas
Tomatoes: Americas to Europe, Africa, and Asia
Grains: Europe, Africa, and Asia to Americas
Corn: Americas to Europe, Africa, and Asia
Cacao: Americas to Europe, Africa, and Asia
Turkey: Americas to Europe, Africa, and Asia
Small Pox: Europe, Africa, and Asia to Americas

15. On the _____ leg of the triangular trade voyage, merchants brought manufactured goods to Africa.

A. first
B. second
C. third
D. all of the above

16. What was the estimated number of imported slaves?

A. 9.5 million
B. 10.5 million
C. 8.5 million
D. 7.5 million

17. What percentage of slaves did not go to the Americas?

A. 80%
B. 40%
C. 2%
D. 38%

18. What percentage of slaves went to Portuguese Brazil?

A. 40%
B. 4%
C. 2%
D. 16%
E. 38%

19. What percentage of African slaves went to British North America?

A. 40%
B. 2%
C. 38%
D. 4%
E. 16%

20. How did disease during the Columbian Exchange affect the Native American population?

A. A small increase
B. A small decrease
C. A dramatic increase
D. A dramatic decrease

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